Science et Inovation

 Science et Inovation

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OECD.org - Innovation
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The microbiome, diet and health: Towards a science and innovation agenda
22/09/2017 12:25 - There is now strong evidence that microbiomes play an important role in human health, as there are clear linkages to many major non-communicable diseases. This report assesses the key policy challenges for innovation in the microbiome. It argues that if such a promising scientific field is to lead to innovative applications, policies on science and innovation must be improved in five areas.

Portugal: Digital Transformation of the Public Sector - OECD E-Leaders meeting
21/09/2017 10:00 - The 2017 edition of the OECD E-Leaders meeting will discuss how governments can best adapt to the growing role of advanced technologies in service delivery. Delegates will discuss the implications of the digital transformation in governments, including the skills base, the data infrastructure and approaches to the commissioning of ICT goods and services.

Algorithms and competition: Friends or foes?
02/09/2017 15:09 - This article by OECD's Antonio Capobianco and Pedro Gonzaga focuses on whether algorithms can make tacit collusion easier, both in oligopolistic markets and in markets which do not manifest the structural features that are usually associated with the risk of collusion. It was published in the August 2017 edition of the CPI Chronicle.

The government role in mobilising investment and innovation in renewable energy
01/08/2017 20:29 - Successfully attracting investment and innovation in renewable energy requires not only core climate policies, such as pricing carbon, but also a focus on the broader investment environment. Based on new research from the OECD, this article reviews some of the main factors holding back investment and innovation in renewable energy and looks at what governments can do to take action.

What?s holding back investment and innovation in renewable energy?
21/07/2017 20:20 - There is no shortage of capital available globally to finance renewable-energy projects. The financial sector encompasses more than ?100 trillion of assets. So how is it that investment in renewable energy is not flowing faster? This article by OECD policy analyst Geraldine Ang proposes responses to the trillion-dollar question.

G20/OECD Compendium of good practices on the use of open data for Anti-corruption
30/06/2017 16:09 - This compendium of good practices was prepared by the OECD at the request of the G20 Anti-corruption Working Group (ACWG), to raise awareness of the benefits of the digital transformation in the public sector, including governance, productivity, economic development and social innovation.

Semaine de l?OCDE
01/01/1970 01:00 - La Semaine de l'OCDE 2017 s'est concentrée sur l'urgence de dépasser les clivages et de faire de la mondialisation l'instrument d'une vie meilleure pour tous. Elle s'est déroulée à Paris du 6 au 8 juin.

Changing the face of start-ups: Why diversity is not a nice-to-have but a must-have
17/05/2017 12:23 - How can we build a global economy driven by innovation when half the population is missing out on the action? The short answer is, we can?t.

Les nouvelles technologies sont encore sous-utilisées dans les entreprises
01/01/1970 01:00 - L'adoption des technologies, matériaux et processus de pointe par les entreprises doit s'accélérer pour que les pays puissent pleinement en concrétiser le potentiel en termes de gains de productivité. Telle est la conclusion d'un nouveau rapport de l'OCDE.

US manufacturing decline and the rise of new production innovation paradigms
05/05/2017 16:15 - Between 2000 and 2010, US manufacturing experienced a nightmare. The number of manufacturing jobs in the United States, which had been relatively stable at 17 million since 1965, declined by one third in that decade, falling by 5.8 million to below 12 million in 2010 (returning to just 12.3 million in 2016). Certainly, the 2007?08 recession accelerated the disruption, but the causes were also structural, not simply financial.

Inclusive Innovation Policies: Lessons from International Case Studies
25/04/2017 12:33 - This paper analyses the role that inclusive innovation policies can play in tackling social, industrial and territorial inclusiveness challenges by drawing on 33 detailed policy examples from 15 countries. The paper discusses why these policies should be a priority, explores the specific challenges that arise in their implementation, and provides recommendations as to how the challenges can best be addressed.

Ensuring financial education and consumer protection for all in the digital age
20/04/2017 11:35 - This report discusses the implications of the digitalisation of finance for financial education and relevant consumer protection issues and provides an overview of digital financial services around the world.

Japan Policy Brief: Strengthening innovation for productivity and greater wellbeing
14/04/2017 19:00 - To improve productivity and help address socio-economic challenges, such as ageing, Japan needs to strengthen its innovation performance.

The Links between Global Value Chains and Global Innovation Networks: An Exploration
10/04/2017 12:23 - This paper is a first attempt to analyse the linkages between both types of networks and identify a number possible government implications. The motivation for this analysis is that concerns are raised in policy discussions that countries are not able to capture the value of their innovative activities.

Le moment est venu pour la Chine d'axer son action sur les risques financiers et sur les réformes structurelles
01/01/1970 01:00 - À mesure que l'économie chinoise parvient à maturité, avec une croissance plus lente mais plus durable, les pouvoirs publics doivent davantage concentrer leur effort sur l'efficience, la stabilité et l'inclusivité, selon une nouvelle étude de l'OCDE.

Embracing Innovation in Government - Global Trends
12/02/2017 17:12 - This new report highlights the latest trends in government innovation. The topics identified through this review are not the only trends and examples in government innovation, but they do provide a glimpse of where government innovation stands today and where it may be going tomorrow.

Une nouvelle approche s?impose face à la hausse des prix des médicaments
01/01/1970 01:00 - La multiplication de médicaments très onéreux et la hausse des prix des médicaments sont à l?origine de pressions de plus en plus lourdes sur les dépenses publiques de santé, et conduisent à remettre en question les stratégies tarifaires de l?industrie pharmaceutique.

Key Issues for Digital Transformation in the G20
12/01/2017 10:00 - This report provides an assessment of G20 economies? performance with respect to digitalisation and examines some of the most pressing policy challenges in areas spanning from access to digital infrastructures to digital security to legal frameworks. It includes a set of 11 core policy recommendations that could underpin a comprehensive G20 digital agenda.

La diminution des dépenses publiques de R-D et le spectre du protectionnisme pourraient constituer une menace pour l?innovation
01/01/1970 01:00 - L?amenuisement des financements publics alloués à la recherche scientifique et technologique dans plusieurs pays pourrait mettre en péril l?innovation au moment même où des enjeux d?envergure mondiale, comme le changement climatique et le vieillissement démographique, exigent des solutions, selon ce qui ressort d?un nouveau rapport de l?OCDE.

Conference on Intellectual Property Statistics for Decision Makers
15/11/2016 09:00 - The conference aims to discuss how intellectual property data, statistics and analysis are used and can be used to inform decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, and to identify key information needs and possible shortcomings.

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